She has now been charged with unlawful abduction and disobeying a court order.
Police said a tip-off led them to an address in Hamilton.
In a statement Toronto Police said: “On Thursday, August 13 2015, members of the Toronto Police Fugitive Squad, assisted by The Missing Children Society of Canada, arrested international fugitive Anisa Mohamed Ibrahim, 35.
“She was wanted for Unlawful Abduction of her two sons and disobey a court order in Manchester, England.
”It is alleged that: she fled England with her two young sons, travelling to Germany, before entering Canada in April 2010
“The Toronto Fugitive Squad has been working with the Greater Manchester Police in England and the Missing Children Society of Canada since shortly after their arrival in Canada.
“The Toronto Fugitive Squad has followed up on many tips over the years. Last week, information was received that Anisa Mohamed Ibrahim and her two sons may be residing in Hamilton, Ontario.
“Investigative checks revealed that she and her sons were using new names and living in the Main Street and Ferguson Avenue South area of Hamilton, Ontario.
“On Thursday, August 13, 2015, under the strength of an extradition warrant, Anisa Mohamed Ibrahim, 35, was taken into custody. She is scheduled to appear in court at the Superior Court of Justice in Hamilton on Friday, August 14, 2015.
“The two sons are in the care of Children’s Aid and are doing well.”
In 2011 the boys’ father, Abdul Abubakar claimed a wall of silence in Manchester’s Somali community was stopping police from finding his two children.
Abdul, 45, said at the time he believed that friends and relatives of Anisa, his ex-wife, paid for her to leave the country.
Abdul and Anisa, both originally from Somalia, met in Manchester and were married in 2004 – only to get divorced in 2007.
The children were at the centre of a three-year court battle over access. Abdul was granted access to his son by the family courts in late 2009. By leaving Manchester with the two children without consulting Abdul, Anisa, 31, breached a family court order – prompting the international manhunt after Abdul raised the alarm.
Following an international investigation involving Interpol, the police and social services in Europe, the US and Canada, GMP learned that Anisa, Khalid and Ahmed left Manchester on a coach bound for Amsterdam on April 9, 2010 – and flew from Amsterdam to Toronto, in Canada, later that month.
Abdul said at the time: “People in the Somali community with ties to Anisa, who are distant relatives of hers, helped fund her trip to Amsterdam and then to Toronto.
“I am sure they know where she is now and have regular contact with her, and are keeping her up to date with what is happening over here.”
Abdul, from Hulme, said Anisa had repeatedly threatened to take the two boys back to Somalia, thought to be one of the world’s most dangerous countries.
GMP were given a tip off at the end of 2010 by police in Canada that Anisa and her two sons had flown into Toronto in April. It is believed that she may be being sheltered by members of the Somali Diaspora in Canada or the USA.
Qaraxa ayaa kala firdhiyay dad buuxay suuqa qudaarta lagu iibiyo ee Jameela oo ku yaal deegaanka ay shiicadu ku badan yihiin ee magaalada Sadr.
Kooxda dowladda Islaamka ayaa sheegtay inay ka dambeeyeen qaraxa oo ay ku beegsadeen maleeshiyaadka Shiicada.
Weerarkan ayaa dhacay kaddib markii uu sheegay General sare oo ciidamada Mareykanka ah, in la ga fiirsanayo ku darista ciidamo Mareykanka ah kuwa Ciraaq hadii aanan wax horumar ah laga gaarin dagaalka looga horjeedo kooxda dowladda Islaamka.
Weerarka maanta ayaa ahaa kii ugu dhimashada badnaa ilaa markii uu xafiiska yimid ra’iisul wasaare Haider Al-abadi sanad ka hor.
Mas’uul isbitaalka ka tirsan ayaa BBC-da u sheegay in ugu yaraan 51 ruux la dilay iyadoo 75 kale ay dhaawacmeen.]]>
The Somalian man who swam down the Red River into Canada to make a refugee claim caught the attention of people from coast to coast and media outlets around the world.
“I did not expect that,” Yahya Samatar said Wednesday after being interviewed by the BBC’s Somali service. “It’s very interesting,” said the 32-year-old, who’s found a safe haven in Winnipeg.
Yahya Samatar talks to his lawyer, Bashir Khan, at the Welcome Place in Winnipeg on Wednesday. (Mikaela MacKenzie / Winnipeg Free Press)
Yahya Samatar talks to his lawyer, Bashir Khan, at the Welcome Place in Winnipeg on Wednesday. (Mikaela MacKenzie / Winnipeg Free Press)
With more than 2,000 Somali, Eritrean and Syrian refugees drowning trying to cross the Mediterranean Sea so far this year, Saturday’s Free Press story about Samatar surviving his swim struck a chord with people.
“Winnipeg people and Somalis here are really happy about it,” said Samatar. “I’m getting some financial support from Canadian people,” he said a week after shedding his shoes, trousers and belongings in North Dakota to swim into Canada. “I was not expecting this.”
The aid worker with non-government organizations says he was forced to flee Somalia a year ago for the work he was doing. His journalist wife was targeted later. She and their baby fled to Nairobi, leaving their three older children with his mom. Samatar called them to tell them he’s alive and safe in Winnipeg, and they had seen his Free Press story on social media, he said.
“For them, it’s really amazing,” he said. “They’re just happy I’m alive… My family and friends in the Somali community around the world are saying ‘Wow — that was a very difficult journey.’ ”
Samatar’s relatives had scraped together US$12,000 to pay smugglers to get him to Ethiopia, then Brazil, then up through Central America on foot and by bus to Mexico, then the U.S., where he was detained as an illegal alien for nearly eight months before his asylum claim was rejected. He headed for Canada.
Here, Samatar’s arduous journey is far from over, says a Winnipeg immigration lawyer who’s handled more than 300 cases for refugee claimants.
New immigration rules imposed three years ago mean anyone with a legitimate refugee claim is up against a system that’s designed to make them fail, said Bashir Khan. He summarized what happens with refugee claimants such as Samatar:
A refugee claimant is dropped off in the middle of the night and walks until they’ve crossed the border into Canada.
“They’ve been outside for nine or 10 hours and are hungry and thirsty when dawn breaks. They’ll go to a farmer or approach a Canadian for help,” he said.
“The farmer in Morden or Winkler is no stranger to this,” Khan said. “They call the RCMP in the area, who books them, and they’re taken to the border crossing right away.”
There, a Canada Border Services Agency officer decides whether or not they can be released based on three grounds: are they a flight risk? Is their identity unclear? Are they a danger to the public? If they’re detained, they’re transferred to the Winnipeg Remand Centre.
If the CBSA releases them, it has no duty to take them anywhere, said Khan.
In Samatar’s case, the CBSA officials were “nice” to call Winnipeg immigration organizations to come and help him, Khan said.
“Most of the claimants released fend for themselves,” Khan said. “They get from there to Winnipeg.
“More often, they’re left to their own devices.”
Wherever they go, they have only 15 days to file for a refugee claim — one of the new rules imposed by the federal government, said Khan.
“That’s where there is a serious problem with justice,” Khan said. The personal information form and other documents they have to complete to make their refugee claim are lengthy, complex and exacting. The mound of paperwork replaces a single 13-page form that asked straightforward questions, Khan said.
“Since the government introduced the changes in 2012, there are now several other forms that are not relevant to the refugee claim in any way. They are nonsense forms that have to be done perfectly in order to make it tougher for anyone seeking asylum.” Language barriers add to the challenge, Khan said.
There is just one worker in Winnipeg at Welcome Place helping refugee claimants fill out all the forms. His position is no longer funded by the federal government, whose elected officials have often referred to refugee claimants as “bogus.” Welcome Place, which is run by the Manitoba Interfaith Immigration Council, says it relies on donations to fund the position because it’s a vital and just service, and refugee claimants deserve the right to a fair hearing.
Correctly completing the pile of paperwork is crucial, said Khan. Any mistake made or detail missed on those forms could be used against them at the Immigration and Refugee Board hearing that normally occurs within 60 to 90 days of their arrival. An error or oversight on the forms could lead the hearing’s adjudicator to a “negative-credibility finding,” said Khan.
Most refugee claimants can’t afford a lawyer, whose fees would cost them between $2,500 to $5,000, said Khan. They can apply for legal aid, but that’s complicated and takes time — not enough time to meet the 15-day deadline, Khan said.
To qualify for legal aid, they have to pass a merit and means test to see if their claim has a reasonable chance of success and if they have a legitimate need. Most pass the merit test, Khan said. Passing the means test is tougher. Without a work permit and no income to show, claimants seeking legal aid almost have to apply for social assistance to prove they don’t have the means to provide their own lawyer.
“They can’t just say ‘I’m surviving,’ ” Khan said. Applying for welfare takes time, he said. If it’s approved and the application for legal aid in Manitoba is approved, it will pay a lawyer up to $1,050 to handle the refugee claim — roughly a third of what legal aid in provinces such as B.C. and Ontario pay, said Khan. “I spend a good 18 hours” preparing for each client’s claim, Khan said. At $80 an hour, he is paid for just over 13 hours of work.
If and when legal aid comes through, there’s usually just four or five weeks to prepare for the Immigration and Refugee Board hearing, Khan said.
That’s not much time,” he said. They’ll often need documents, paperwork and evidence from abroad that are difficult to obtain, he said. Under the old system, they had a year-and-a-half to prepare for a hearing, he said. With drastically shortened timelines, they’re not getting a fair opportunity to present their case, said Khan.
If they can’t convince the adjudicator at their hearing their refugee claim is legitimate, they’re going to be removed from Canada.
A three-judge panel of the 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals unanimously ruled that a judge erred when he sentenced the defendants to terms ranging from 30 to 42½ years. The court returned the case to U.S. District Judge Raymond Jackson in Norfolk and ordered him to impose the life sentences, which are mandatory for piracy under federal law.
Jackson had ruled that because nobody aboard the Navy ship was hurt, life terms were disproportionate to the crime and amounted to unconstitutional cruel and unusual punishment.
“It is of no moment that no one aboard the USS Ashland was harmed before the defendants’ attack was thwarted,” Judge Robert King wrote for the appeals court. The mandatory life sentence reflects a rational legislative judgment that piracy in international waters “is a crime deserving of one of the harshest of penalties,” he wrote.
The appeals court noted that piracy carried a mandatory death sentence from 1819 until 1909, when Congress reduced the penalty to a mandatory life term.
The defendants could appeal either to the full appeals court or the U.S. Supreme Court. Their attorney, Geremy C. Kamens, said he was reviewing the opinion and had no further comment.
U.S. Attorney Dana J. Boente said in a written statement that he was pleased with the court’s decision.
According to court papers, seven men boarded a small skiff in April 2010 and set out to capture a merchant ship that they could bring to Somalia and hold for ransom. In the dim early-morning light, they mistook the USS Ashland for a cargo vessel. Armed with AK-47 assault rifles and a rocket propelled grenade launcher, the men opened fire on the amphibious landing ship.
Sailors fired back with armor-piercing incendiary shells. The first shot killed one pirate, and the second caused the skiff to explode in flames, sending the rest of the men into the Gulf of Aden waters where they were rescued by the sailors.
One of the surviving pirates cooperated with federal prosecutors and received a lighter sentence. The other five went to trial and were convicted.
According to a recent Unicef report, more than 130 million girls and women have been subjected to FGM in 29 countries in Africa and the Middle East. The practice, which is carried out mainly on children, involves removing part or all of a girl’s outer sexual organs and can result in lifelong pain, infections, infertility and difficulties in childbirth.
In Somalia a policy on FGM is still at consultation stage, and any law would have to be passed by the cabinet, religious leaders and members of parliament.
Mary Wandia, FGM programme manager at Equality Now, praised Somalia for taking a “huge leap” with the proposed ban but warned that it would have to be firmly implemented.
“Urgent implementation of the law needs to follow to ensure that the next generation of Somali girls is freed from this extreme form of violence and discrimination,” she said. “Momentum is growing towards better laws for women and girls, and African women are leading the change.”
Cody Donahue, a child protection specialist for Unicef, said the news was especially welcome from Somalia because the practice was nearly universal there.
“Legislation is an important first step, but much more needs to be done to end the practice,” he said. “New legislation needs to be matched with community-led programmes that help reduce the stigma of not undergoing FGM and raise awareness of the law. Even if individual parents have doubts about FGM, the fact that others in the community do it helps maintain the practice. Ultimately to end FGM we need to change attitudes alongside laws.”
A spokesman for the UK’s Department for International Development said: “Somalia’s pledge to ban female genital mutilation has the potential to save millions of girls and women from the suffering caused by this practice. The minister’s words are encouraging – the next step is to turn this plan into legislation that can drive real change.”
Wasaaradda tamarta ayaa sidoo kale cimilada u sababeysay inay keentay dab la’aan baahsan, oo ka dhacday dhowr saacadood oo talaadada aheyd degmooyin Qaahira ka tirsan, taasi oo keentay in tareenka magaalada uu hakado.
Kulayl daran ayaa ka jiray Bariga Dhexe ilaa dhamaadkii July.]]>
Madaxweynaha Soomaaliya Xasan Sheekh oo maanta shir jaraa’id ku qabtay magaalada Muqdisho ayaa ka hadlay mooshinka ay ka keeneen xildhibaannada ka tirsan baaarlamanka ee arbacadii loo gudbiyey guddoonka baarlamanka.
Madaxweyne Xasan wuxuu sheegay inaanu jirin waqti lagu billaabo is-qabqabsi cusub oo dhex mara hoggaanka dowladda iyo xildhibaanada.
Xasan Sheekh, waxa kale oo uu ka hadlay xildhibaannada wada mooshinka isaga ka dhanka ah, isagoo sheegay in xildhibaanada la garanayo taariikhda ay ku lee yihiin siyaasadda Soomaaliya, isla markaana aanay Soomaaliya hakin karin.
Hoos ka dhageyso hadalka madaxweynaha
“Jomo Kenyatta and Wilson will be closed as follows,” reads an e-mail marked “high” importance and originally sent July 13 by a Kenyan aviation official to a wide range of aviation officials who work in and around the nation’s two major airports. The missive went on to give dates and times for the airports’ closure, which Fox News will not disclose, and states: “This corresponds to the expected arrival and departure time for President Obama.”
The Secret Service, when contacted by Fox News, said it would have no comment
Airports and airspace around them typically close prior to Air Force One’s arrival and remain on lock down until his motorcade departs.
Kenya has been the scene of several attacks by Somali-based Muslim terrorist group Al Shabaab since September 2013, when the terrorist group struck Nairobi’s Westgate mall and killed 67 people. The mall only reopened this week after nearly two years of reconstruction. Kenya was also was the site of a surface-to-air missile attack on an Israeli airliner in 2002. Two shoulder-fired missiles missed the plane, in an attack for which Al Qaeda claimed credit. Al-Shabaab is widely believed to have surface-to-air missiles.
The original email was blasted out to airline customers, “all operators” of both of Nairobi’s airports, including staff, aircraft operators and even flight schools at the general aviation Nairobi Wilson field. But making matters worse, earlier this week a Johannesburg travel agent sent out an email with the sensitive text pasted in to all its customers with the subject line: “Info on Obama visit to Kenya.”
The State Department’s terror alert stated, “there is the opportunity for criminal elements to target participants and other visitors. Large-scale public events such as this Summit can also be a terror target.”
Even within the last month, Al Shabaab has been active in Kenya, although its efforts have been largely in the northeast, near the Somali border. The Kenyan government has been spending millions of dollars sprucing up the roads and pavements of Nairobi ahead of Obama’s visit. Kenyans have dubbed the clean-up “Obamacare.”
In Kenya, President Uhuru Kenyatta and his deputy William Ruto last year announced a voluntary 20 per cent salary cut and invited other top government officials to follow suit. A few did, reluctantly.
In Tunisia, former President Moncef Marzouki, then facing an economic crisis in the post-revolution period, announced a two-thirds pay cut, slicing his annual pay from around $176,868 to ‘just’ $58,956.
The Africa Review has compiled and analysed salaries of African leaders to try and see what they tell about the relationship between those in power and the governed.
The data is the best obtainable version that could be found, either through the correspondents, or online.
The search shows that only a few countries make public what they pay their leaders – a key finding itself that suggests a lack of transparency.
In many African countries, the first thing leaders do when they come into power is to increase their pay: In Egypt, for instance, the president’s pay shot up from a paltry $280 per month, put in place by the austere Mohammed Morsy administration, to $5,900 per month just before General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi predictably won an election.
In other countries, leaders take a disproportionate share of the national income for their personal use. In Morocco, the Treasury spends, by one account, $1 million a day for King Mohammed VI’s 12 royal palaces and 30 private residences. That is on top of $7.7 million spent on an entourage of royal automobiles, and a monthly salary of $40,000 paid to the monarch.
In 2014, King Mswati of Swaziland increased his personal budget, which includes his salary and the welfare of his extensive family, by 10 per cent to $61 million, a significant chunk of the kingdom’s overall budget. As the royal budget isn’t debated or passed by Parliament, it automatically became law.
Some presidents have deceptively small salaries but have, personally or through family members, massive control over their countries’ resources. For example, President Eduardo dos Santos has a modest monthly salary of $5,000 but is widely believed to control a lot of the wealth produced from Angola’s oil-industry, and his family members own some of the biggest enterprises in the country.
The Africa Review was unable to establish the official salary for Teodoro Obiang’ Nguema Mbasogo, the long-serving president of the oil-rich Equatorial Guinea, but it probably doesn’t matter.
With vast oil wealth and a population of less than a million, Equatorial Guinea has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world and should be a first-world nation.
Instead, most of its wealth ends up in the hands of its notoriously corrupt First Family.
As an example, the US Department of Justice, in an indictment of the younger Teodoro Nguema Obiang’ Mangue, said the first son had spent about $315 million on property and luxury goods between 2004 and 2011, despite his job as a government minister paying less than $100,000 per year.
However, not all African leaders are money-grabbing, power-hungry brutes. In April 2015 Cape Verde President João Carlos Fonseca vetoed – for the fourth time, no less – a Bill that would, among other things, have increased his salary and that of other political officials.
The Africa Review findings upset a lot of conventional wisdom. For instance, the best-paid leader is not South Africa’s Jacob Zuma, who presides over Africa’s most advanced and second largest economy.
The highest-paid leader, the research could find, is Paul Biya, whose $610,000 annual salary is almost three times that of President Zuma, despite the South African economy being 10 times bigger than Cameroon’s.
Rather than simply rank the leaders based on absolute figures, The Africa Review decided to compare their gross annual salaries with the Gross National Income of their countries – basically comparing the leader’s pay with what their nationals, on average, earn.
Unsurprisingly, President Biya comes out on top again, earning 229 times what an average Cameroonian earns, followed by Liberia where President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf earns 113 times what her average citizen does.
Tanzania, Malawi and Comoros round out the top five countries with the largest difference between presidential pay and average GNI per capita. The five countries with the smallest difference between the two are Mauritius, Botswana, Gabon and Cape Verde, with Tunisia posting the least president-to-citizen inequality among the 35 countries surveyed.
Although Somalia’s President Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud makes the top 10 with his annual salary of $120,000, the country is excluded from the comparative study due to the lack of verifiable GNI per capita figures.
Overall, it appears that leaders of poor countries tend to pay themselves more than those in higher-income countries. But salaries, of course, do not tell the whole story and some of the presidents believed to have the highest personal wealth, do not even feature in the top 10.
10 Highest paid – Absolute numbers.
Paul Biya – Cameroon $601,000
King Mohammed VI – Morocco $480,000
Jacob Zuma – South Africa $272,000
Jakaya Kikwete – Tanzania $192,000
Abdel Aziz Bouteflika – Algeria $168,000
Teodoro Nguema – Equatorial Guinea $150,000 (Estimate)
Uhuru Kenyatta – Kenya $132,000
Hassan Sheikh Mohamoud – Somalia $120,000
Ikililou Dhoinine – Comoros $115,000
Denis Sassou Nguesso – Congo Republic $110,000
10 Highest paid – Relative to GNP.
Paul Biya (Cameroon – 229 times average income)
Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (Liberia – 114x)
Jakaya Kikwete (Tanzania – 109x)
Peter Mutharika (Malawi – 100x)
Joseph Kabila (DR Congo – 77x)
Ikililou Dhoinine (Comoros – 74x)
Robert Mugabe (Zimbabwe – 69x)
King Mohammed VI (Morocco – 68x)
Paul Kagame (Rwanda – 59x)
Uhuru Kenyatta (Kenya – 59x)]]>
The camp is home to more than 350,000 people, most of whom come from war torn-Somalia.
“Resource conflicts at the camp will be greatly reduced and the security threats arising from some of these disputes will also be dealt with when some refugees are sent back home,” Mr Rotich said.
Cumulatively, Kenya has received Sh488.82 billion from China since the beginning of the bilateral co-operation in 1964.
China’s ambassador to Kenya, Liu Xianfa, yesterday said the signing of the exchange of notes for provision of grants would deepen the cooperation between the two countries.
Meanwhile, Kenyans working in the Netherlands will no longer pay income tax in the two countries after an agreement was reached to eliminate double taxation.
Kenya has been in talks with the Netherlands since 2010 to have the tax done away with and it was only yesterday that a decision was reached and an agreement signed.
Mr Rotich said the elimination of the tax would encourage investment and trade between the two countries.
“It will also curb the problem of tax evasion as information will be shared freely between authorities in the two countries,” he said after signing the agreement with the Dutch ambassador to Kenya, Joost Reintjes.
Kenya mainly exports horticultural products to the European country.
Last year’s exports to the Netherlands were valued at Sh40.6 billion against imports of Sh18.8 billion.]]>